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GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

Battleship Bismarck

Laid down:
1 July 1936
Launched:
14 February 1939
Commissioned:
24 August 1940
Construction cost:
RM. 196.8 million
Displacement:
 ·  Empty ship:
 ·  Standard:
 ·  Construction:
 ·  Full load:
 ·  Maximum:

40,250 metric tons
43,978 metric tons
47,870 metric tons
51,760 metric tons
53,486 metric tons
Dimensions:
 ·  Waterline length:
 ·  Overall length:
 ·  Beam:
 ·  Standard draught:
 ·  Maximum draught:
 ·  Freeboard amidships:
 ·  Height of hull sides (depth):
 ·  Waterplane area:

241.55 meters
251 meters
36 meters
9.33 meters
10.55 meters
between 4.45 - 5.67 meters
15 meters
5,740 m
Armour Protection:
 ·  Upper belt:
 ·  Main belt:
 ·  Main battery turrets:
 ·  Secondary battery turrets:
 ·  Upper deck:
 ·  Third armour deck:
 ·  Conning tower:
 ·  Torpedo bulkhead:
 ·  Protected length 1):
 ·  PC/TC 2):
 ·  Armour's weight:

145 mm
320 mm
130-360 mm
40-100 mm
50-80 mm
80-120 mm
220-350 mm
45 mm
70% (170.7 meters)
17/22
19,082 metric tons
Armament:
 ·  Main:
 ·  Secondary:
 ·  Anti-aircraft:

8 x 38cm/L52
12 x 15cm/L55
16 x 10.5cm/L65
16 x 3.7cm/L83
18 x 2cm/L65
Fire control:
5 x 10.5-m base rangefinders
1 x 7-m base rangefinder
2 x 6.5-m base rangefinders
4 x 4-m Type SL-8 rangefinders
2 x 3-m rangefinders
Radar Equipment:
3 x FuMO 23
Propulsion plant:
12 Wagner boilers
Three Blohm & Voss turbine sets
150,170 hp (maximum obtained)
Speed:
30.12 knots (maximum obtained)
Endurance:
9,280 nautical miles at 16 knots
8,900 nautical miles at 17 knots
8,525 nautical miles at 19 knots
6,640 nautical miles at 24 knots
4,500 nautical miles at 28 knots
Fuel oil capacity:
7,400 metric tons
Aircraft:
4 x Arado Ar 196
Crew:
2,200+
Hull coefficients & ratios:
Ratio length/beam:
Ratio beam/draught:
Ratio draught/depth:
Ratio length/depth:
Block coefficient:3)
Midship coefficient:4)
Waterplane coefficient:5)
Prismatic coefficient:6)
Metacentric height (GM):

6.71
3.85
0.62
16.10
0.55
0.97
0.66
0.56
4.00 meters

1) Protected length: Part of the ship within the citadel with the maximum amount of armour and underwater protection.

2) PC/TC: Protected compartments / Total compartments. The protected compartments are those within the citadel.

3) The block coefficient (CB) is the ratio of the underwater hull volume of a ship at a particular draft to the volume of a rectangular prism (the circumscribing prism) of the same length, breadth, and draught as the ship. CB = V/(L x B x T)
Bismarck block coefficient is calculated as follows: CB = 45,000 mt / (241.55 m x 36 m x 9.3 m) = 0.55

4) The midship section coefficient (CM) is the ratio of the area of the underwater midship section (Am) of a ship at a particular draft to the area of a rectangle (the circumscribing rectangle) of the same breadth and draught as the ship. CM = Am/(B x T)
Bismarck midship section coefficient is calculated as follows: CM = 305 m / (36 m x 8.7 m) = 0.97

5) The waterplane coefficient (CWP) is the ratio of the area of a ships waterplane (AWP) to the area of a rectangle (the circumscribing rectangle) of the same length and breadth as the ship. CWP = AWP/(L x B)
Bismarck waterplane coefficient is calculated as follows: CWP = 5,740 m / (241.55 m x 36 m) = 0.66

6) The longitudinal prismatic coefficient (CP) is the ratio of the underwater hull volume of a ship to the volume of a prism with length equal to the ships and cross-section area identical to the midship section. In other words, the prismatic coefficient is equal to the block coefficient (CB) divided by the midship section coefficient (CM). CP = V/(Am x L) = CB/CM
Bismarck prismatic coefficient is calculated as follows: CP = 0.55 / 0.97 = 0.56

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Characteristics of the Bismarck and other British capital ships in May 1941.

Ship:
Bismarck
Hood
King George V
Rodney
Laid down:
1 July 1936
1 September 1916
1 January 1937
28 December 1922
Launched:
14 February 1939
22 August 1918
21 February 1939
17 December 1925
Commissioned:
24 August 1940
29 March 1920
11 December 1940
November 1927
Displacement:
- Standard:
- Full load:

43,900 mt
51,700 mt

43,144 mt
49,136 mt

38,600 mt
44,400 mt

33,700 mt
41,000 mt
Dimensions:
- Length overall:
- Beam:
- Maximum draft:

251 m
36 m
10.55 m

262.2 m
32.2 m
10.1 m

227.1 m
31.9 m
10.3 m

216.4 m
32.31 m
12.2 m
Armour:
- Main belt:
- Turrets:
- Upper deck:
- Armour deck:
- Protected length:
- PC/TC:
- Armour's weight:

320 mm
130-360 mm
50-80 mm
80-120 mm
70 %
17/22
19,082 mt

305 mm
127-381 mm
32 mm
51 mm
65 %
12/19
13,650 mt

348-374 mm
150-324 mm
-
124-150 mm
59 %
10/21
12,612 mt

356 mm
184-406 mm
-
159 mm
53 %
9/17?
14,250 mt
Armament:
- Main:
- Secondary:
- Anti-aircraft:




8 x 380 mm L/52
12 x 150 mm L/55
16 x 105 mm
16 x 37 mm
18 x 20 mm


8 x 381 mm L/42
-
14 x 102 mm
24 x 40 mm
16 x 12.7 mm
5 x 20 rockets

10 x 356 mm L/45
16 x 133 mm L/50
32 x 40 mm
4 x 20 rockets



9 x 406 mm L/45
12 x 152 mm L/50
6 x 120 mm
24 x 40 mm


Radar:
3 x FuMO 23
1 x Type 284
1 x Type 279M
1 x Type 284
1 x Type 281
1 x Type 279 ?
Aircraft:
4 x Arado Ar 196
-
4 x Walrus
1 x Walrus
Machinery:
12 boilers
3 sets of turbines
150,170 hp
24 boilers
4 sets of turbines
151,280 hp
8 boilers
4 sets of turbines
113,000 hp
8 boilers
2 sets of turbines
45,000 hp
Speed:
30 knots
29-30 knots
28-29 knots
21 knots
Endurance:
8,525 nm
at 19 knots
5,950 nm
at 18 knots
4,750 nm
at 18 knots
7,000 nm
at 16 knots
Fuel capacity:
7,400 mt
4,064 mt
4,000 mt
3,805 mt
Crew:
2,200+
1,417
1,600
1,300

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Characteristics of the Bismarck and other battleships of the time in 1941.

Ship:
Bismarck
Richelieu
Vittorio Veneto
North Carolina
Laid down:
1 July 1936
22 October 1935
28 October 1934
27 October 1937
Launched:
14 February1939
17 January 1939
25 July 1937
13 June 1940
Commissioned:
24 August 1940
15 June 1940
1 May 1940
9 April 1941
Displacement:
- Standard:
- Full load:

43,900 mt
51,700 mt

38,450 mt
45,438 mt

41,167 mt
45,752 mt

37,178 mt
45,519 mt
Dimensions:
- Length overall:
- Beam:
- Maximum draft:

251 m
36 m
10.55 m

247.8 m
33.08 m
9.9 m

237.8 m
32.95 m
10.44 m

222.1 m
33 m
10.8 m
Armour:
- Main Belt:
- Turrets:
- Upper deck:
- Armour deck:
- Protected length:
- PC/TC:
- Armour's weight:

320 mm
130-360 mm
50-80 mm
80-120 mm
70 %
17/22
19,082 mt

327 mm
170-430 mm
24 mm
150-170 + 40 mm
54 %
10/21
16,400 mt

350 mm
130-380 mm
45 mm
112 mm
55 %
8/18
13,545 mt

305 mm
178-406 mm
37 mm
104 + 36 mm
60 %
9/18?
15,087 mt
Armament:
- Main:
- Secondary:
- Anti-aircraft:



8 x 380 mm L/52
12 x 150 mm L/55
16 x 105 mm
16 x 37 mm
18 x 20 mm

8 x 380 mm L/45
9 x 152 mm L/55
12 x 100 mm
12 x 37 mm
32 x 13.2 mm

9 x 381 mm L/50
12 x 152 mm L/55
12 x 90 mm
20 x 37 mm
20 x 20 mm

9 x 406 mm L/45
-
20 x 127 mm L/38
16 x 28 mm
12 x 12.7 mm
Aircraft:
4 x Arado Ar 196
3 x Loire 130
2-3 Romeo Ro 43
2 x Kingfisher
Machinery:
12 boilers
3 sets of turbines
150,170 hp
6 boilers
4 sets of turbines
179,000 hp
8 boilers
4 sets of turbines
140,000 hp
8 boilers
4 sets of turbines
122,000 hp
Speed:
30 knots
32.6 knots
30 knots
28 knots
Endurance:
8,525 nm
at 19 knots
9,500 nm
at 15 knots
4,584 nm
at 16 knots
17,450 nm
at 15 knots
Fuel capacity:
7,400 mt
6,000 mt
4,000 mt
6,300 mt
Crew:
2,200+
approx 1,600
1,920
2,300

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Characteristics of Bismarck's sister ship and the last generation of battleships.

Ship:
Tirpitz (1944)
Yamato
Iowa
Vanguard
Laid down:
2 November 1936
4 November 1937
27 June 1940
2 October 1941
Launched:
1 April 1939
8 August 1940
27 August 1942
30 November 1944
Commissioned:
25 February 1941
16 December 1941
23 February 1943
9 August 1946
Displacement:
- Standard:
- Full load:

43,900 mt
51,700 mt

64,000 mt
72,800 mt

48,110 mt
57,500 mt

46,200 mt
51,400 mt
Dimensions:
- Length overall:
- Beam:
- Maximum draft:

253.6 m
36 m
10.61 m

263 m
37 m
10.86 m

270.4 m
32.9 m
11.3 m

249 m
32.8 m
10.5 m
Armour:
- Main Belt:
- Turrets:
- Upper deck:
- Armour deck:
- Protected length:
- PC/TC:
- Armour's weight:

315 mm
130-360 mm
50-80 mm
80-120 mm
70 %
17/22
19,082 mt

410 mm
270-650 mm
-
200-230 mm
60 %
?
21,200 mt

307 mm
185-432 mm
38 mm
121 + 32 mm
60 %
?
18,700 mt

330-355 mm
152-330 mm
-
127-152 mm
58 %
?
? mt
Armament:
- Main:
- Secondary:
- Anti-aircraft:



8 x 380 mm L/52
12 x 150 mm L/55
16 x 105 mm
16 x 37 mm
78 x 20 mm

9 x 459 mm L/45
12 x 155 mm L/60
12 x 127 mm
24 x 25 mm
4 x 13.2 mm

9 x 406 mm L/50
20 x 127 mm L/38
80 x 40 mm
49 x 20 mm
-

8 x 381 mm L/42
16 x 133 mm L/50
73 x 40 mm
-
-
Aircraft:
4 x Arado Ar 196
7 x Mitsubishi F1M
2-3 Kingfisher
-
Machinery:
12 boilers
3 sets of turbines
163,024 hp
12 boilers
4 sets of turbines
153,000 hp
8 boilers
4 sets of turbines
212,000 hp
8 boilers
4 sets of turbines
130,000 hp
Speed:
30.8 knots
27-8 knots
33 knots
30 knots
Endurance:
8,870 nm
at 19 knots
7,200 nm
at 16 knots
18,000 nm
at 12 knots
9,000 nm
at 20 knots
Fuel capacity:
7,780 mt
6,300 mt
7,600 mt
7,000 mt
Crew:
2,600
3,300
2,700
2,000+


mt = metric tons, 1 mt = 1,000 kilograms

nm = nautical miles, 1 nm = 1,852 meters = 2,025 yards

1 knot = 1 nm/hour


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The Complete History
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